What is Hashimoto’s disease?


The question: What is Hashimoto’s disease is that the thyroid gland is a little, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It generates hormones that control the metabolism of the body. The illness bears the name of the 1912 description of it by Dr Hakaru Hashimoto. What is Hashimoto’s disease, then?

What is Hashimoto’s disease?

The most prevalent instance of autoimmune thyroiditis is Hashimoto’s disease. According to estimates, up to 14 million people in the United States could be impacted. Women are more likely than men to develop the condition.

Symptoms of Hashimoto’s Disease

The thyroid gland is small, butterfly-shaped, located in the front of the neck, just below Adam’s apple.

Hashimoto’s disease is the most common form of thyroiditis and the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States. Hashimoto’s disease is more common in women than men and often occurs in families.

Symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease can vary from person to person, and they may develop slowly over time. The most common symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle weakness
  • Depression
  • Dry skin
  • Brittle nails
  • Constipation
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Heavy menstrual periods

If left untreated, Hashimoto’s disease can lead to other serious health problems, such as goitre, an enlargement of the thyroid gland, and hypothyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough of the hormone thyroxine.

Causes and Risk Factors of Hashimoto’s Disease

Family history. You will likely develop the condition if you have a family member with Hashimoto’s disease.

Age. Hashimoto’s disease is more common in middle-aged adults.

Ethnicity. Hashimoto’s disease is more common in people of Asian or Caucasian descent.

Several environmental factors may also play a role in developing Hashimoto’s disease. These include:

The most common symptom of Hashimoto’s disease is hypothyroidism, when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. This can cause various symptoms, such as fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, and depression. Hashimoto’s disease is diagnosed with blood tests that measure thyroid hormone levels. Treatment is with thyroid hormone replacement therapy.

Hashimoto’s disease affects about 5% of the population, and women are affected more often than men. Hashimoto’s disease is more common in people of Ashkenazi Jewish descent.

Diagnosis of Hashimoto’s Disease

Doctors can diagnose Hashimoto’s disease in a few ways, but the most common method is through blood tests. The most important blood tests for diagnosing Hashimoto’s disease are the thyrotropin (TSH) test and the thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibody test.

The TSH test measures the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone in the blood, while the TPO antibody test measures antibodies against the thyroid peroxidase enzyme.

In addition to blood tests, doctors may also order imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI to get a better look at the thyroid gland. However, these tests are generally not necessary for making a diagnosis.

Once Hashimoto’s disease has been diagnosed, doctors typically start patients on thyroid hormone replacement therapy. This treatment is usually lifelong and is very effective at managing the symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease.

Treatment of Hashimoto’s Disease

Treatment options include medication and lifestyle changes.


The most common medication used to treat Hashimoto’s disease is levothyroxine, which is a synthetic form of the hormone thyroxine. Levothyroxine is taken daily, and most people require lifelong treatment.

Other medications that may use to treat Hashimoto’s disease include:

  • Thyroid hormone replacement
  • Anti-thyroid medications
  • Immunosuppressive drugs

Lifestyle changes

Several lifestyle changes can help manage Hashimoto’s disease, including:

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet
  • Getting enough exercise
  • Reducing stress


Here are some FAQs about what is Hashimoto’s disease.

Can Hashimoto’s Disease be cured?

Treatment typically involves taking synthetic thyroid hormone to replace the hormone the body is no longer producing. Hashimoto’s disease can not be cured but can be managed with treatment.

Is Hashimoto’s Disease contagious?

There is currently no known cure for Hashimoto’s disease. However, treatments available can help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for those affected. There is no evidence to suggest that Hashimoto’s disease is contagious and not thought to be passed down through families.

Can diet and exercise help manage Hashimoto’s Disease?

If you have Hashimoto’s disease, you may wonder whether diet and exercise can help manage your condition. However, lifestyle changes may help you control your symptoms and improve your health.

There is no cure for Hashimoto’s disease, but there are treatments that can help to manage the symptoms. In some cases, lifestyle changes may also be helpful.

Eating a healthy, balanced diet is essential for everyone, but it may be essential for people with Hashimoto’s disease. This is because a healthy diet can help to reduce inflammation throughout the body. Eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and healthy fats can help to reduce inflammation and promote overall health.


In Conclusion (what is hashimoto’s disease?)Hashimoto’s disease, the body produces antibodies that attack and damage the thyroid gland. This leads to a decrease in the production of thyroid hormones, which can cause various symptoms, including fatigue, weight gain, and depression.

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